Alcohol, cigarettes and high blood pressure
Alcohol may have an effect upon the development of hypertension because it increases blood pressure and reduced the action of hypotensive drugs. For that reason it is essential to limit its consumption. Occasional drinking of small amounts of alcohol is generally not harmful. Persons with hypertension are permitted a daily intake of 60 ml of vodka, which is equivalent to 300 ml of wine or 700 ml of beer. Excluding the temporary increase in blood pressure during and immediately after smoking a cigarette, smoking can not be considered a direct cause of hypertension. However, it should not be forgotten, that tobacco smoking is particularly dangerous for the heart and blood vessels as it leads to disadvantageous changes in the circulatory system.